What is Pip (Percentage in Point)

Pip is the smallest change an exchange rate of a currency pair can make on the market.
A pip is usually, but not always, the last decimal place of a quotation.
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For investors interested in trading currencies, understanding What is Pip is an important element in analysing currency and market movements. It helps them determining the overall cost and profit that can be generated by a trade.

Most currency pairs are priced to 4 decimal places with the pip being the change of the last decimal point.

  • For currency pairs displayed to 4 decimal places, one pip = 0.0001
  • Only for the group of currency pairs with the quoted currency Japanese Yen, as well as a “Precious Metals” group that are an exception and are displayed to only two decimal places, one pip = 0.01

For most currency pairs, for example GBP/USD, it is a convention to record with an accuracy of 4 decimal places (1 pip = 0.0001), and trade in terminals with an accuracy of 5 decimal places (1 technical pip = 0.00001). Spreads, order distances and other parameters are shown in usual pips on the websites of companies, though in trading terminals of these companies, quotes are indicated with an accuracy of 0.00001. In the group of currency pairs with the quoted currency Japanese Yen, as well as a “Precious Metals” group, the usual pip is 0.01, and the technical pip is 0.001.

Here is an example to figure out what a 1 pip change would look like for GBP/USD pair.

Let’s assume that the currency pair buy price is currently quoted at 1.32711. If the price changes from 1.32711 to 1.32712 that would mean an increase of 1 technical pip. If the price changes from 1.32711 to 1.32710 that would be a decrease of 1 technical pip.

A 1 usual pip move for the USD/JPY pair would be the change from 112.90 to 112.91 because the second decimal point has changed by 1.

To manage risk more effectively, it is important to know the pip value of each position in the currency of your trading account.

The value of 1 pip is expressed in the quoted currency (the second currency of the pair).

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How to Calculate Pip Value:

The value of pip depends on the following three factors:

  • the quoted currency
  • the volume of the trade
  • and the exchange rate

Based on these factors the fluctuation of even a single pip can have a significant impact on the value of the open position.

The value of 1 pip is calculated by the following formula:

The value of 1 pip = (Pip in decimal places * Trade Volume)

Here are the examples of the Pip Value calculation according to the Pip Value Formula:

Example A: 1 pip volume in EUR/USD is equal to 0.0001

Trading position volumeCalculation1 pip value
100,000 EUR100,000 * 0.000110 USD
10,000 EUR10,000 * 0.00011 USD
1,000 EUR1,000 * 0.00010.1 USD
100 EUR100 * 0.00010.01 USD

Example B: 1 pip volume in USD/JPY is equal to 0.01

Trading position volumeCalculation1 pip value
100,000 USD100,000 * 0.011000 JPY
10,000 USD10,000 * 0.01100 JPY
1,000 USD1,000 * 0.0110 JPY
100 USD100 * 0.011 JPY
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